International Cooperation as a Factor of University Development

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The current technological and conceptual approaches and implementation of international cooperation between universities with the international accreditation performance based on the quality of the educational system is complex because of the significant trends in university education internationalization. Strategies and types of academic cooperation between college institutions are the most significant manifestation of the internationalization of higher education. The highest internationalization of educational services is in the joint programs of global institutions.

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An analysis of international accreditation requirements shows that there’s an improvement in the quality of education for joint university programs. The proven benefits and distinct features characterize the branding, marketing, and international cooperation of individual programs. The growing demand for international economic activity causes the internationalization and globalization of education. Global processes and exchange of technologies, knowledge, and information result in intercultural understanding.

Internationalization trends of university education also bring about the development of cooperation between global institutions based on the acknowledged principles of the quality of higher learning. The newest forms of academic cooperation need adequate coverage because they require the establishment of joint programs in several knowledge areas. Thus, conceptual approaches pertaining to the implementation and organization of international cooperation have to be in detail.

New Types of University Education Internationalization

The globalization of higher learning is a qualitative phase that accumulates the possible ways to resolve staff training, alignment of national educational levels, and achievement of a stage where college learning conforms to the demands and requirements of the international society. The integration of higher education is a convergence of national education systems that transform higher education into an international open social system with civilization goals and values, the variability of normative regulation, and flexible ties between elements and components.

Student Mobility

There is a steady increase in the number of international students, and its growth is dependent on a market process. Education services are changing rapidly into an economic sector with the international marketing of education programs and universities as a central element. The mobility of scientists and teaching staff is another factor.

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In 2004, the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) approved the following strategies for the internationalization of higher learning:

  • A mutual understanding approach based on the acknowledged value of institutional partnership, academic cooperation, and interchange
  • A revenue-generating approach based on the educational services frameworks offered by countries
  • Capacity-building approach that includes advanced training on teaching methods for the instructors and scientists, as well as studies of students

Increase of monetary flow

Because of the increase in the number of foreign students, money flows to the countries with competitive education services. According to the Institute of International Education, the USA economy received aroundUS$30.8 billion from 2014-2015 for training foreign students. In the book, “Preparation for Studying in the USA,” by Stasia Bergman and Allan Goodman emphasized that from 1985 to 2011, the average annual university expenses grew from US$10,000 to US$59,800. Currently, student debts are growing because the average 4-year education cost is now at US$60,000.

Types of International Cooperation between Higher Education Institutions around the World

Several countries are experiencing different forms of cooperation at incredibly fast rates because of the two situations cited above.

Partner Teaching

Technological developments enable virtual lectures, exchange of e-mails, video conferences, and web platform use. It empowers instructors from partner universities to communicate with students and is a precondition to developing partnership relations.

University Consortiums

Two or more universities can work together and use their resources to achieve similar goals. Consortiums offer universities with a unique opportunity for partnership expansion to generate benefits from fellow collaborators. This cooperation requires the commitment of college institutions from developed and developing countries.

Exchange of Instructors

Governments fund the exchange of teachers to deepen the development of international cooperation. Invited professors can teach a full series of lectures or some subjects.

Studies Abroad at a Partner University

This cooperation doesn’t require many financial resources, but it serves as a source of enthusiasm for the involved parties. This program doesn’t spell out the transfer of credits.

International Programs of Double Degrees

Higher education institutions from different countries can offer a jointly double degree program with a coordinated process of acknowledging credits. Students enroll in both universities to earn degrees from each of them.

International Joint Degree Programs

This type of cooperation differs from the double degrees in such a way that a student receives a degree with a diploma signed and certified by the participating higher education institutions.

International Public Study Programs

In other countries, higher education institutions combine academic studies with public activities. Students gain wider professional experience and learn about civic responsibility. They participate in international social activities.

Joint Research Projects

Partner university researchers expand ties to other faculties and departments in other higher education institutions in several countries. Students can have brief visits to host conferences.

Mixed Programs

Students can begin their studies in their home country and then move to a partner university abroad to continue their training. They return to their original educational institution to finish their studies.

Student Exchange

Short-term or long-term student exchange programs are a type of cooperation that fosters creative activities. Students learn languages, work at laboratories, participate in public activities, and become on-the-job-trainees in partner companies.


International cooperation between higher education institutions is an essential manifestation of internationalization. Providing education services is the highest level of internationalization because it requires the development and management of joint education programs. Many universities in the academic centers around the world combine the expansion of their service offerings and the increase of foreign students to entice prospective and promising markets. The emerging trend shows the improvement of the internationalization process.

About the Author

Eve Maygar is a highly respected blogger and writer on education topics. She’s an expert and writes regularly for PapersOwl. She has written numerous articles, and she’s an accomplished author of several professional and academic journals.


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